About Mrauk U

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About Mrauk U

Mrauk U, the ancient Arakanese Kingdom, is located at Latitude 20 ° 25″ N and Longitude 93° 11″ E striding alluvial plains of Kuladan and Lemro rivers, Rakhine State, Myanmar. The city was established in 1433 by Arakanese King Mon Saw Mon.

Mrauk U is existed approximately 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) east of the Kaladan River on the banks of its trivialbranches. The town is located on a small outcrop of the RakhineYoma on the eastern side of the Kaladan'smuddy plain. Thus, the surrounding countryside is hilly yet also contains a great deal of marshes, mangroves and lakes.Mrauk U, like much of Rakhine State, is situated in a coastal tropical monsoon rainforest climate region.

The town receives over 1,200 millimeters (47 in) of rain a year from the Southwestern Monsoon, making it one of the wettest regions in Myanmar.The Monsoon season usually begins in late May and ends by mid-October.

Although located in a tropical region, Mrauk U enjoys lower temperatures when the Northeastern Monsoon falls. From mid-October to mid-March during the Cool Season, temperatures can drop to 13°C. This season coincides with the tourist season for Myanmar.

Due to its nearness to the Bay of Bengal, Mrauk U developed into an important regional trade hub, acting as both a back door to the Burmese hinterland and also as an important port along the eastern shore of the Bay of Bengal. It became a transit point for goods such as rice, ivory, elephants, tree sap and deer hide from Ava in Burma, and of cotton, slaves, horses, cowrie, spices and textiles from Bengal, India, Persia and Arabia.

The city also traded with non-Asian powers such as Portugal and then the DutchEastIndiaCompany of the Netherlands. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) established trading relations with the Arakanese in 1608 after the Portuguese fell in favour due to the lack of loyalty of Portuguese mercenaries, such as Filipe de Brito e Nicote in the service of the Arakanese king. The VOC established a permanent factory in Mrauk U in 1635, and operated in Arakan till 1665.

At its zenith, Mrauk U was the centre of a kingdom which stretched from the shores of the Ganges river to the western reaches of the Ayeyarwaddy River. According to popular Arakanese legend, there were 12 'cities of the Ganges' which constitute roughly half of modern day Bangladesh which were governed by Mrauk U, including Dhaka and Chittagong. During that period, its kings minted coins inscribed in Arakanese, Kufic and Bengali.As Mrauk U and her kingdom prospered, the kings, ministers and peasants built many pagodas and temples around the town to reflect their faith.

The town receives over 1,200 millimeters (47 in) of rain a year from the Southwestern Monsoon, making it one of the wettest regions in Myanmar.The Monsoon season usually begins in late May and ends by mid-October.

Lark Kauk Zee Quarter, Alodawpyi Street, Mrauk U , Rakhine State, Myanmar